Guide for Authors



Aim & Scope

Gynecology Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine (GORM) publishes a wide range of peer-reviewed papers in the field of obstetrics (maternal fetal neonatal medicine), gynecology & reproductive medicine and edited by international interdisciplinary team of authorities in this field since 1994. GORM is the official journal of “Maternal – Fetal Medicine and Perinatology Society of Turkey” and "The South East European Society of Perinatal Medicine" and "Turkish Neonatal Society".

The main goal of the journal is to provide a platform for scientists and academicians in the South East Europe and all over the world to cooperate and debate for progressing on controversial issues and in different areas of obstetrics and gynecology.

Key features:

  • Three issues per year
  • Published in English
  • Open access
  • Divided to subspecialty sections
  • Distinguished editorial board
  • Double-blind peer-review process
  • Supplying both electronic and hard copies of the journal

Limitations and Returned Applications

GORM publishes original, peer-reviewed experimental and clinical studies, case reports and invited reviews in all fields related to gynecology, obstetrics and reproductive medicine. Papers accepted for publication must meet all the criteria of originality, priority, scientificity and actuality. All the papers adding new information to the current field and have a chance to make it interesting for the readers will be accepted for review.

The manuscript will be returned to the author without reviewing if the editors think that the paper is not suitable for the publication.


Publication Frequency

GORM publishes three issues per year in April, August and December.


Publication Language and Language Editing

GORM publishes manuscripts only in English. Manuscripts should be written in clear concise English. The language of the manuscripts submitted to GORM must be accurate in terms of rules of grammar and scientific literature and must have a plain and clear language quality.  The journal does not have any translation services for this purpose, but recommends the author(s) whose English is not good enough to have their manuscripts edited by a professional translator or native English speaker or some accredited companies before submission. The author is responsible for the adjustment of suggestions made by section editors or reviewers.  

In cases where manuscripts by authors whose native language is not English are accepted for publication, the manuscripts should be submitted to the editorial board after their translation and editing is done by the professional people or companies. The author(s) who has been requested to get his/her manuscript edited may do so referring to one of the companies below and present a related document to the editorial board afterwards.

American Journal Experts (AJE),



Boston BioEdit,

Elsevier Language Services,


Editorial Rx,



SPI Publisher Services,

TheMedical Editor,


Wiley Editing Services,

Note that appearance in the list of vendors does not represent endorsement by the publisher or journal. Authors are encouraged to investigate each service on their own, as well as seek out additional vendors offering similar services.

Journal Sections

Gynecology, Obstetrics & Reproductive Medicine (GORM) publishes experimental and clinical articles, case reports and reviews. Subgroups are as follows;

Experimental & Clinical Articles

Obstetrics; Maternal Fetal Neonatal Medicine

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Reproductive Medicine: Endocrinology and Infertility

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Gynecology and Gynecological Oncology

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Case Reports

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Open Access Policy

GORM adopts open access policy and all articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. Anyone can use the articles in any constructive way as long as the credit is given to the author and citation to the original source. No permission is required from the authors or the publishers. It is available to reach the articles in this journal in-between search engines, web sites, blogs and other digital platforms.

GORM supports scientists, scholars, academicians, researchers and students by providing an Open Access platform for publishing their work. Open access to information benefits humanity as it improves the global value of information. GORM also supports the Budapest Open Access Initiative that was signed on September 12, 2012. Thus, the open access policies adopted by the editorial board of GORM can be found at

CC BYGORM publishes all articles under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY 4.0). This license entitles all parties to copy, share and redistribute all the articles, data sets, figures and supplementary files published in this journal in data mining, search engines, web sites, blogs and other digital platforms under the condition of providing references. Open access is an approach that eases interdisciplinary communication and encourages cooperation among different disciplines. GORM, therefore, contributes to its own field by providing more access to its articles and a more transparent review process. GORM recommends that libraries include the article contents into library catalogue records.

Medical Network, publisher of GORM, guarantees that it will not ask for any publication fees from authors, libraries or readers to access the electronic articles.

Privacy Statement

The authors consent to give all the personal information to the system by submitting their information asked by GORM. GORM is committed to maintaining your confidence and trust with respect to the privacy of the personally identifiable information. You may get periodic e-mails or notices about the journal and upcoming events after you provide your e-postal address to GORM.

Any personal information will be used exclusively for this journal and scientific aims. Such information will not be used for other purposes and will not be shared with third parties. The only exclusion is in terms of legal situations such as court orders, rights to defend against claims, prevention from illegal activities, etc.


All the issues published in GORM will be listed in our web site in XML and pdf formats with an open access to attain them. Also, you can reach the stored papers in pdf format on ULAKBİM servers via TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM National Databases.

Abstracting and Indexing

The articles of GORM are included in the following academic databases/resources:
  • Academic Resource Indexing (ResearchBib), 
  • CiteFactor,
  • DRJI, 
  • Gale, 
  • Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 
  • Google Scholar, 
  • J-Gate, 
  • JournalTOCs, 
  • Miar (Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals), 
  • National Library of Medicine Catalog (NLM Catalog),
  • ROAD, 
  • Scientific Indexing Services (SIS), 
  • Scilit, 
  • Scopemed, 
  • TUBITAK ULAKBIM Turkish Medical Database (ULAKBİM Tıp Veri Tabanı [Türk Tıp Dizini]), 
  • Türk Medline Ulusal Sağlık Bilimleri Süreli Yayınlar Veritabanı, 
  • Worldcat OCLC. 

Sponsorship and Advertising / Revenue Source:


GORM does not offer a sponsorship to protect the journal’s integrity. On the other hand, please contact to our publisher for information on advertising or to request a media pack.

GORM accepts advertising for products and services that are of interest to users professionally. The sources of income of GORM include institutional support (Maternal Fetal Medicine and Perinatology Society of Turkey, Turkish Neonatal Society and South East European Society of Perinatal Medicine), display advertising for pharmaceutical and nonpharmaceutical products and subscription fee for printed material.

Institutions wishing to place an advertisement in the printed version of the journal or on the web page should contact Medical Network Publishing.

Medical Network Publishing
Phone: +90 212 230 27 68
Email: [email protected]


Submission Fees

GORM claims no fee for article submission and review processes.



Writing Rules

Submitted manuscripts should be arranged according to the following Article Template.

Page Format: 22 x 28 cm (8 ½ x 11 inch) Portrait. All manuscripts should be submitted as Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx). Times New Roman with a font size of 12 must be used. All manuscript pages (including references, tables, and figure legends) must be double-spaced. Manuscripts should have 1-inch (2.5 cm) margins at top, bottom, and sides. Pages must be numbered consecutively in the upper right corner in the following order: title page, abstract, and body of text, acknowledgments, references, figure legends, and tables.

A cover letter should accompany the submission of the manuscript and the title page containing the authors details and blinded manuscript with no author details must be submitted as 2 separate files.

Title Page:

The title should be prepared separately from the manuscript. It should be clear and comprehensive. Abbreviations or commercial names and conclusive or question posing statements should not be used in the title. The manuscript title should contain no more than a total of 100 characters. The title page should contain in sequence the title, author line with first name, middle initial (or first initial and middle name in  countries where the middle name is the real name) and last name of each author and each author’s highest academic degree (both MD and PhD are acceptable, but honors degrees are not permitted); city (ies), in which the study was conducted; divisional, or departmental, and institutional affiliations at the  time the study was performed; source(s) of financial support: presented line, if applicable; disclaimers, if any; name, address, business and home telephone numbers, and fax number of author to whom requests for reprints should be addressed (if reprints will not be available, it should be so stated); and name, address, business and home telephone numbers, and fax number of author responsible for correspondence concerning the manuscript if different from author to whom reprint requests are addressed.


All financial support should be acknowledged. 

The manuscript should consist of the following:

Abstract page:

Abstracts should be on the first page of the manuscript. It must include the aim of the study, method, results & original value briefly and clearly. All messages in the abstract must be consistent with the information in the text, tables, or figures. The use of commercial names should be avoided in the abstract.

The abstract page should be typed double spaced, with the required margins and headed by the title of the article and name(s) of author(s). Below the abstract, list 3 to 5 key words or short phrases for indexing purposes.

A structured abstract is required for original research articles, case reports, and short communication articles; therefore the author(s) should select and prepare the appropriate abstract to be used in the submitted manuscript. This applies to both independently submitted and society manuscripts.

Structured abstract:

A structured abstract, limited to 250 words. The structured abstract is to contain the following major headings; Objective(s); Study Design; Results; and Conclusion(s). The Objective(s) reflects the purpose of the study, that is, the hypothesis that is being tested. The Study Design should include the setting for the study, the subjects (number and type), the treatment or intervention, and the type of statistical analysis. The Results include the outcome of the study and statistical significance if appropriate. The Conclusion(s) states the significance of the results.

Standard abstract:

A standard abstract format is required for invited Topic, Treatment/Review, New Trends, and short communication articles. The standard abstracts are to be 50 to 250 words.


Do not hesitate to write your manuscript in the first person and active voice if they are more appropriate to the information you wish to convey. The passive voice is generally more effective for describing techniques or observations, since the emphasis is on the “action” rather than on the person performing the action.

Only standard abbreviations are to be used. In the text they should be kept to a practical minimum. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement. Generic, chemical or proprietary names of drugs may be used. If the generic or chemical name is used, authors may, if they desire, insert the proprietary name in parentheses after the first mention in the text, with the name of the manufacturer and city and country.

Experimental and Clinical Articles 

Regular articles are customarily organized into the following sections: An “introduction” and headings that identify “Material and Methods”, “Results” and Discussion. Authors may wish to summarize their findings in a short paragraph at the end of the Discussion section. This format may not be appropriate for some types of articles. The manuscript should not be informative about the identity of the authors.


In the introduction, state concisely the purpose and rationale for the study and cite only the most pertinent references as background. The basis of the research topic, the importance of the subject in the literature, the importance of the study, research problem and aims should be explained in the introduction.

Material and Methods

In the Material and Methods section describe briefly the type, the plan, the patients, experimental animals or other species, material, and controls, the methods and procedures utilized, validity and reliability, data collection techniques, data analysis, limitations and ethical committee approval (if necessary) and the statistical method(s) employed.


In the Results section present the detailed findings. Include mentions of all tables and/or figures. Figures and tables should supplement, not duplicate, the text; presentation of data in either one or the other will suffice. Emphasize only your important observations; do not compare your observations with those of others. Such comparisons and comments are reserved for the Discussion section.


In the Discussion section state the importance and significance of your findings but do not repeat the details given in the Results section. Limit your opinions to those strictly indicate by the facts in your report. Compare your findings with those of others. No new data should be presented in this section. Strengths and weaknesses of the study, unexplained questions and recommendations for future research should be marked.


All persons who have contributed to the work but not sufficiently to be authors should be acknowledged. Authors should mark if the manuscript had been presented at a meeting (dates and location of the meeting).

Contributions of the authors should be declared in acknowledgement section.

Case Reports

A case report is a short description of an unusual condition or novel diagnostic or therapeutic approach. The report should have a clear purpose and message. Case reports should have an abstract of no more than 125 words. Case report articles have three parts:

Introduction: Should explain the importance of the case.

Case(s): Describes the case(s) and the essential findings.

Discussion: Should give a brief review of the literature but and focus primarily on the clinical implications.

All case report submissions should be appropriate for the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ (ICMJE) recommendations. Reporting with the guidance of CARE Checklist (2013) ( )is recommended. 

Written informed consent must be acquired for the patients with identifable information mentioned in submission. Consents must be acquired from patients. Consents may be required from relatives or parents in the case of unable or deceased patients.

The submissions without consents will only be considered in the existance of sufficient anonymous presentation of case according to ICMJE guidelines.

Acquired informed consents must be mentioned in the manuscript. GORM has right to request copies of original consent at any time. For all submissions, Editor will make the final desicion for existance of personally identifable information.



A review article is a complete review of publications relating to a specific clinical subject and proposing essential conclusions. 

Expert Reviews
These invited articles provide concise reviews on a topic in which the author has expertise. The manuscript should be comprehensive and balanced, but not exhaustive. Expert Reviews must be evidence based but may include some expert opinion and recommendations. The goal is to provide a concise update on the state of the art and guidelines for clinical care. Expert Reviews are limited to 5000 words of main text. Key words or short phrases as needed for indexing must be provided.

Systematic Reviews
Each article in this category provides a comprehensive and exhaustive systematic review of the literature related to the topic, collating all relevant evidence meeting pre-specified eligibility criteria. Systematic reviews may not be combined with other manuscript types.

Systematic reviews must include a clearly stated set of objectives with reproducible methodology, a systematic search, eligibility criteria for selecting studies, assessment of study quality (risk of bias), an assessment of the validity of the findings and systematic synthesis of these findings. Metaanalysis, the use of statistical techniques to combine and summarize results across studies, may or may not be contained within a systematic review.

Authors must adhere to the PRISMA and MOOSE guidelines( and (

Systematic Reviews are limited to 5000 words of main text (not counting the title page, abstract, condensation, acknowledgments, references, tables, legends, and figures). Include a structured abstract containing no more than 350 words and as many alphabetized key words or short phrases as needed for indexing.

Title: The title should identify the report as systematic review or metaanalysis.

Abstract: Include a structured summary according to PRISMA guidelines with the following headings:

  • Objective
  • Data sources (including years searched)
  • Study eligibility criteria (study design, populations, and interventions [if applicable])
  • Study appraisal and synthesis methods
  • Results
  • Conclusions

Main text

Headings and subheadings in the main text should include the following; note that subheadings may be modified to best represent the specific report.

  • Introduction (rationale, explain impetus for Review)
  • Objective(s)
  • Methods
  • Eligibility criteria, information sources, search strategyStudy selectionData extractionAssessment of risk of biasData synthesis
  • Results
  • Study selectionStudy characteristicsRisk of bias of included studiesSynthesis of results
  • Comment
  • Main findingsStrengths and limitationsComparison with existing literatureConclusions and Implications



Bibliography is prepared according to the format of the “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals” (“Vancouver” style, ICMJE  sample references). To cite a source using the Vancouver style, insert a number into your text in round brackets. 

A reasonable number (40) is allowed, except in case reports and brief communications (limited to 15) and in manuscripts for the invited topic, treatment/review and new trends sections (for which there is no limit). References must be double-spaced and numbered consecutively as they are cited. References first cited in a table or figure legend should be numbered so that they will be in sequence with references cited in the text at the point where the table or figure is first mentioned. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of all references. Use the format of the “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals” Vancouver style (list the first 6 authors followed by 'et al.' if there are more than 6 authors. Year; volume(issue): page(s). DOI - if available) and use official abbreviations for titles of journals (if available). As an option, if a journal carries continuous pagination throughout a volume (as many medical journals do) the month and issue number may be omitted. Journal titles should conform to abbreviations used in Cumulated Index Medicus. 

Examples (list the first six authors followed by et al.):

Standard  journal article:

Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsb020632.

More than six  authors:

Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002; 935(1-2):40-6. doi: 10.1016/s0006-8993(02)02445-9.

Chapter in a  book

Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.

Personal communications and unpublished data, if essential, may be used but not as numbered references. If they are used, they are to be referred to, within parentheses, at the appropriate location in the text. If used, the author(s) must obtain written and signed permission for their use from the individual being quoted. This signed permission must accompany the manuscript when it is submitted to the Editor. Published abstracts can be used as numbered references; however, reference to the complete published article is preferred.


The term figure includes all types of illustrations such as graphs, diagrams, photographs, flow charts, and line drawings. A reasonable number of figures (<5) will be reproduced without charge, but special arrangements must be made with the Editors for color figures at an additional charge to the author. The quoted charge is per page of color, and as many as eight color figures can be included on one page if the color balance is appropriate. Figures must be cited consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Consistency in size within the article is strongly preferred. Any special instructions regarding sizing should be clearly noted.

Legends for all figures must be typed together in numeric order double-spaced on the final page of the manuscript. Original magnifications should be provided, if a figure has been taken from copyrighted material, the legend must give full credit to the original source.


Tables should be submitted on separate pages and included at the end of the reference list and before the figure legends. Maximum number of tables to be allowed is 5. They should be numbered in Roman numerals. Each table must be cited in sequence at an appropriate point in the text. Titles should be brief yet indicate clearly the purpose or content of each table, and each column should be precisely defined by headings. Abbreviations and special designations should be explained in a footnote to the table. If a table or any part thereof has been taken from copy-righted material, a footnote to the table must give full credit to the original source. Arrangements must be made with the Editors for elaborate tables because of space limitations.

Reporting Guidelines

Gynecology Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine (GORM) advises authors to adhere to the reporting guidelines available for many different study designs when drafting their study. These contain a checklist of minimum points that the authors should cover in their manuscript. A list full of all of the reporting guidelines endorsed by the EQUATOR Network can be found here.

Reporting guidelines for main study types are:

CONSORT (for reporting randomized controlled trials): Please submit a copy of the CONSORT checklist, available at

STROBE (for reporting observational studies): Please submit a copy of the STROBE Checklist, available at

PRISMA (for reporting meta-analyses and systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials): Please submit a copy of the PRISMA Checklist, available at

MOOSE (for reporting meta-analyses and systematic reviews of observational studies): In your cover letter, please describe how you followed the MOOSE guidelines, available at

STARD (for reporting studies of diagnostic accuracy): Please submit a copy of the STARD Checklist, available at

CARE (for reporting case reports): Please submit a copy of the CARE Checklist, available at

SQUIRE 2.0 (for reporting on quality improvement in health care): Please submit a copy of the SQUIRE 2.0 checklist, available at

ARRIVE (for reporting animal pre-clinical studies): Please submit a copy of the ARRIVE checklist, available at

Gynecology Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine (GORM) also strongly encourages authors to use industry-recognized reporting guidelines such as SRQR, SPIRIT, AGREE and others when appropriate, to clarify that minimum reporting requirements have been met. Click here for links to the reporting guidelines, and for further information, visit

As noted above, we ask authors to address all items recommended by the guidelines (as a minimum); where this is not possible please provide an explanation in the text to give a transparent account of your study. If there are items on the checklist that you cannot attest to, please itemize these in your cover letter with an explanation. For manuscripts that require reporting guidelines, a checklist or explanation in the cover letter must accompany the submission. The manuscript will be returned to the author if this information is not included in the initial submission. Adherence to recommended reporting guidelines will facilitate review of your manuscript, increase the probability of its successful publication, and improve the usability of research findings from your study in further research and clinical practice.  

The other reporting guidelines which are valuable for designing your study include:

  • STREGA genetic association studies
  • TREND statement and check list for nonrandomized controlled trials
  • COREQ statement and check list for qualitative research (focus groups and interviews)
  • REMARK check list for tumor marker prognostic studies
  • ORION infection control intervention studies
  • STRICTA controlled trials of acupuncture
  • RedHot homeopathic treatments
  • CHEERS statement, economic evaluations

Copyright Notice

CC BYAll the articles published in GORM are licensed with "Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY 4.0)". This license entitles all parties to copy, share and redistribute all the articles, data sets, figures and supplementary files published in this journal in data mining, search engines, web sites, blogs and other digital platforms under the condition of providing references.

Peer Review Process

All GORM articles are subject to initial appraisal by Editor-in-Chief or one of the three Editors (and sometimes by section editors) before peer review. We reject a number of articles without external peer review with the aim of giving authors rapid decisions (usually within 10 days). We aim to reach a first decision on all manuscripts within six weeks of submission. Rejection is often much quicker than this. We aim to do this quickly so that we do not waste authors' time, allowing them to get on and submit the work elsewhere without unnecessary delay.

All research articles, and most other article types, published in GORM undergo thorough peer review. GORM operates an open peer review system. Also this journal uses double-blind review, which means that both the reviewer and author identities are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa, throughout the review process. To facilitate this, authors need to ensure that their manuscripts are prepared in a way that does not give away their identity. To help with this preparation please ensure the following when submitting to GORM. Submit the Title Page containing the Authors details and Blinded Manuscript with no author details as 2 separate files.

If a submission is assigned to a Scientific Editor to process, he/she usually obtains reviews from two external referees to ensure the scientific quality and importance of the research. Editors will make a decision based on the reviewers’ reports and authors are sent these reports along with the editorial decision on their manuscript. Authors should note that even in light of one positive report, concerns raised by another reviewer might fundamentally undermine the study and result in the manuscript being rejected.

New Submission Guide

Authors must submit all elements of their manuscripts online at Hard-copy submissions will not be considered or returned. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision takes place via email.

All policies of the GORM, including those related to Conflicts of Interest, Inappropriate Acts, and IRB approval; apply to all submitted articles, including those whose results were presented at professional society meetings.

Journal staff and editors screen submitted manuscripts. For some papers, a decision is made to decline immediately. All others undergo peer review.

Complaints and appeals


The purpose of an appeal is for the Editor-in-Chief or the Editors to examine the editorial process. If it is found not to have been in line with our policies, solving action will be taken to restore correct procedure.

It should keep in mind that the purpose of an appeal is not to revisit the opinions/decisions of the referees or editors. It would be inappropriate for a single individual (i.e. the Editor-in-Chief or a Deputy Editor-in-Chief) to overturn the majority view of referees and consulted editors. Commonly, two referees and three editors express an opinion and 3 votes supporting publication are required to accept a paper in addition to approval of Editor-in-Chief. For editors to reject a paper, they require three votes against the paper. Therefore we are not willing to obtain further opinions because it would not be practical to seek the required opinions to change the decision.

If a manuscript is rejected an option to ‘Appeal Manuscript’ appears on the author's home page, from which the author can write to the Editor-in-Chief explaining the reasons for disagreeing with the editorial process. The Editor-in-Chief or an Editor may uphold the decision, or may request further information or consult again on the manuscript prior to making a decision regarding whether to reject or uphold the appeal.

Complaints procedure

Other complaints should be addressed in writing to the Editor-in-Chief for consideration and any necessary action. Where a complaint remains unresolved, the complainant can refer the matter to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Guidance for Revision

The authors must have both revised manuscript file and file containing response to reviewers. The revised manuscript must be uploaded on submission site menu typing as revised version

Article Withdrawal

To avoid withdrawal of a manuscript we sincerely request the authors especially the corresponding author and first author to address the following issues before submitting the manuscript for publication:

  • The manuscript should be free from copyright contravention.
  • The manuscript submitted by corresponding author should have consent of all the authors in the group.
  • In some cases researchers should take prior permission from their guides and co-authors before sending/submitting their manuscripts in journals.
  • The manuscript should not be published either partially or completely in any form, in any other Journal.
  • Manuscript is properly withdrawn from any previous publisher.
  • Manuscript should not be submitted to any other journal at the time of submission to any Journal.

Manuscript may be withdrawn at any stage of review and publication process by submitting a request to the editorial office. Manuscript withdrawal will be permitted after submission only for the most compelling and inevitable causes.

If the author wants to withdraw a manuscript, the author needs to submit a completed form, signed by all authors of the manuscript withdrawal. The form is available from the editorial office of the journal. It should be wanted with a request e-mail.


Each author named in the manuscript have to meet at least one of the following ICMJE criteria ;

  • Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
  • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  • Final approval of the version to be published; AND
  • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

The corresponding author must confirm that all described authors fulfilled all authorship conditions described here. The corresponding author is the one individual who takes primary responsibility for communication with the journal during the manuscript submission, peer review, and publication process, and typically ensures that all the journal’s administrative requirements, such as providing details of authorship, ethics committee approval, clinical trial registration documentation, and gathering conflict of interest forms and statements, are properly completed, although these duties may be delegated to one or more coauthors. The corresponding author should be available throughout the submission and peer review process to respond to editorial queries in a timely way, and should be available after publication to respond to critiques of the work and cooperate with any requests from the journal for data or additional information should questions about the paper arise after publication. Although the corresponding author has primary responsibility for correspondence with the journal, editors will send copies of all correspondence to all listed authors.

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship (Non-Author Contributors) should be listed in the “Acknowledgements” part.

Conflict of Interest Statement

The journal requires that all authors declare any potential sources of conflict of interest according to ICMJE recommendations.

Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise that might influence an author's objectivity is considered as a potential source of conflict of interest. All authors must declare any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and any financial support including grants or other funding. These conditions must be disclosed when directly pertinent or associated with the study. The occurrence of any conflict of interest does not obviate the publication.

If the authors have no conflict of interest to declare, they must also state this in the manuscript clearly. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to review this policy of the journal.



Publication Ethics

The publication process at GORM aims improvement and dissemination of scientific information objectively and respectfully. Therefore, the policy in this process helps in improving the quality of the articles. Peer-reviewed articles support and materialize the scientific method and hence it is of utmost importance that all parties included in the publication process (authors, readers and researchers, publisher, reviewers and editors) comply with the standards of ethical considerations. GORM expects all parties to hold to the following ethical responsibilities.

The following ethical duties and responsibilities are concordant with the policies made by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors

The authors who submit their manuscripts to GORM are expected to comply with the following ethical responsibilities:

Author(s) must submit their own original studies to the journal. If they utilize or present the results of the other studies in the manuscript, they must make the in-text and end-text references accurately and completely.

People who have no intellectual contribution to the study should not be indicated as author.

If there are conflicting interests or relations in the manuscripts submitted, these must be stated and explained.

Author(s) may be asked to supply their raw data during the review process of their manuscripts. In that circumstance, author(s) should be ready to submit their data and information to the corresponding editorial and scientific boards.

Authors should document that they have obtained ethics committee approval and informed consent in all research studies that involves patients, patient records, research participants or databases.

For patient images that allow the identity of the patient to be identified, authors should document that they have obtained written permission from the patient(s) on whom the report is based.

Author(s) have the responsibility to inform the editor of the journal or publisher if they happen to notice a mistake or conflicting result in their study which is in early release or publication process and to cooperate with the editors during the correction or withdrawal process.

Authors cannot submit their studies to multiple journals simultaneously. Each submission can be made only after the previous one is completed. A study published in another journal cannot be submitted to GORM.

Author responsibilities given in a study (e.g.: adding an author, reordering of author names) after the review process has started.

Human and Nonhuman Experimentation

Authors must follow the ethical standards for human experimentation established in the Declaration of Helsinki (World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: recommendations guiding physicians in biomedical research involving human subjects. JAMA 1997; 277:925-6) or conform to the provisions of the Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in Fortaleza, Brazil, October 2013; published in JAMA. 2013 Nov 27;310(20):2191-4). The editors should ensure that a manuscript originating from an institution has provided the approval of the requisite authority. This approval must be presented in the Materials and Methods section of the manuscript. For studies of human experimentation that require local institutional approval, authors must provide that they had obtained this approval before the experiment was started. If the authors declare that their study is exempt from Institutional Review Board approval, they should explain it in the Materials and Methods section of the manuscript. For reports originating from experiments on nonhuman animals or other species, authors must declare that the guidelines for the care and use of the animals approved by the local institution were followed.

Any reports of studies or trials involving human or animal subjects, or medical records, should contain a statement that the procedures of the study received ethics approval from the relevant regional or institutional ethics committee responsible for human experimentation or complied with regulations governing experimentation using animals. 

All research studies, including those involving patients, patient records, research participants or databases, require ethics committee approval (or documented exemption from the Human Subjects Committee) and informed consent (or documented waiver of consent), both of which must be documented in the paper.

Studies involving animals must be conducted according to internationally accepted standards. For studies involving nonhuman primates or other species, authors must state the guidelines for the care and use of the animals approved by the local institution were followed under materials and methods section. The type(s) of nonhuman primates or other species used in an investigation must be named in the title, abstract, key words, and materials and methods sections of the manuscript. The necessary approvals must also be mentioned in materials and methods section. The authors are advised to comply with the Animal Research: Reporting In Vivo Experiments (ARRIVE) guidelines, developed by the National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement & Reduction of Animals in Research (NC3Rs).

Ethical Responsibilities of Editors

The editor and section editors should hold with the following ethical responsibilities that are based on the guides of "COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors" published as open access by COPE.

General duties and responsibilities

Editors are responsible for each study published in GORM. In this respect, the editors have the following duties and responsibilities:

  • Making efforts to meet the scientific information demands from readers and authors,
  • Ensuring the continuous advancement of the journal,
  • Managing the procedures in order to improve the scientific quality of the manuscripts published in the journal,
  • Supporting freedom of expression,
  • Ensuring academic integrity,
  • Following the procedures without making concessions on intellectual property rights and ethical standards,
  • Being transparent and clear in issues that require correction or commentary.

Relationships with Readers

Editors must make decisions taking into consideration of the knowledge, skills and expectations of all readers, researchers and practitioners need. They must also ensure that the published studies have an original contribution to the literature. Furthermore, they must take notice of the feedback received from researchers and practitioners and provide explanatory and informative feedback.

Relationships with Authors

Editors have the following roles and responsibilities in their relations with authors:

Editors must make positive or negative decisions about the studies' scientific importance, originality, validity, clarity in wording and suitability with the journal's aims and scope.

Editors must accept the studies that are within the scope of publication into pre review process unless there are serious problems with the structure of the study.

Editors must not ignore positive suggestions made by reviewers unless there are serious problems with the structure of the study.

New editors, unless they have serious concerns, should not change the previous editor's decisions about the studies.

Editors must take every effort to prevent possible deviations from the defined "Blind Review and Evaluation Processes".

Editors must present a comprehensive "Author's Guide" in answering queries by authors. This guide must be updated regularly.

Authors should be provided with explanatory and informative feedback.

Relationships with Reviewers

Editors have the following duties and responsibilities in their relations with reviewers:

Editors should:

  • Choose reviewers adequate for evaluating the manuscript.
  • provide the needed information and guidance to reviewers
  • Monitoring whether there are conflicting interests between reviewers and authors.
  • Keep the identities of the reviewers confidential in blind review.
  • Encourage the reviewers to review the manuscript in an unbiased, scientific and objective manner.
  • Evaluate reviewers regularly based on criteria like performance and timing.
  • Develop and use policies that increase the performance of reviewers.
  • make effort to update the reviewer pool dynamically to ensure its wide range
  • Prevent unkind and unscientific reviews.

Relationships with the Editorial Board

Editors should monitor that the members of the editorial board follow the procedures in accordance with the publication policies and guidelines, and should inform the members about the publication policies and developments. The editors should also train new members of the editorial board and provide the information they need.

Furthermore, editors should also:

  • Ensure that the members of the editorial board review the manuscripts in an unbiased and independent manner.
  • Select the new members of the editorial board from those who can contribute to the journal and are qualified enough.
  • Send manuscripts for review based on the subject of expertise of the editorial board members.
  • Regularly communicate with the editorial board.
  • Arrange regular meetings with the editorial board for the development of publication policies and the journal.

Relationships with the Journal's Owner and Publisher

The relationship between the editors and publisher is based on the principle of the independency of editors. All the decisions made by the editors are independent of the publisher and the owner of the journal as required by the agreement made between editors and publisher.

Editorial and Blind Review Processes

Editors are obliged to comply with the policies of "Blind Review and Evaluation Process" stated in the journal's publication policies. Therefore, the editors should ensure that each manuscript is reviewed in an unbiased, fair and timely manner.

Quality Assurance

Editors should ensure that articles in the journal are published in accordance with the publication policies of the journal and international standards.

Protection of Personal Information

Editors are supposed to protect the personal information related with the subjects or visuals in the studies being reviewed, and to reject the study if there is no documentation of the subjects' consent. Furthermore, editors are supposed to protect the personal information of the authors, reviewers and readers.

Encouraging Ethical Rules and Protection of Human and Animal Rights

Editors are supposed to protect human and animal rights in the studies being reviewed and should reject the experimental studies that do not have ethical and related committee’s approval.

Precautions against possible Abuse and Malpractice

Editors are supposed to take precautions against possible abuse and malpractice. They should conduct investigations meticulously and objectively in determining and evaluating complaints about such situations. They should also share the results of the investigation.

Ensuring Academic Integrity

Editors should ensure that the mistakes, inconsistencies or misdirection in studies are corrected quickly.

Protection of Intellectual Property Rights

Editors are responsible for protecting the intellectual property rights of all the articles published in the journal and the rights of the journal and author(s) in cases where these rights are violated. Also, editors should take the necessary precautions in order to prevent the content of all published articles from violating the intellectual property rights of other publications. See Plagiarism Check

Constructiveness and Openness to Discussion

Editors must:

  • Pay attention to the convincing criticism about studies published in the journal and must have a constructive attitude towards such criticism.
  • Grant the right of reply to the author(s) of the criticized study.
  • Not ignore or exclude the study that includes negative results.


Editors must examine the complaints from authors, reviewers or readers and respond to them in an explanatory and enlightening manner.

Political and Economic Apprehensions

The independent decision of the editors is not influenced by the owner of the journal, publisher or any other political or economical factor

Conflicting Interests

Editors, acknowledging that there may be conflicting interests between reviewers and other editors, guarantee that the publication process of the manuscripts will be completed in an independent and unbiased manner

Ethical Responsibilities of Reviewers

The fact that all manuscripts are reviewed through "Blind Review" has a direct influence on the publication quality. This process ensures confidentiality by objective and independent review. The review process at GORM is carried out on the principle of double blind review. Reviewers do not contact the authors directly, and their reviews and comments are processed through the journal management system. In this process, the reviewer views on the evaluation forms and full texts are assigned to the author(s) by the editor. Therefore, the reviewers doing review for GORM are supposed to bear the following ethical responsibilities:

Reviewers should:

  • Agree to review only in their subject of expertise.
  • Review in an unbiased and confidential manner.
  • Inform the editor of the journal if they think that they encounter conflict of interests and decline to review the manuscript during the review process.
  • Dispose the manuscripts they have reviewed in accordance with the principle of confidentiality after the review process. Reviewers can use the final versions of the manuscripts they have reviewed only after publication.
  • Review the manuscript objectively and only in terms of its content and ensure that nationality, gender, religious and political beliefs, and economic apprehension do not influence the review.
  • Review the manuscript in a constructive and kind tone; avoid making personal comments including hostility, slander and insult.
  • Review the manuscript they have agreed to review on time and in accordance with the ethical rules stated above.

Ethical Responsibilities of the Publisher

The publisher of GORM is conscious of the fact that they should follow the ethical responsibilities below and act accordingly:

Editors are responsible for all the processes of the manuscripts submitted to GORM. Within this framework, ignoring the economic or political interests, the decision-makers are the editors.

The publisher undertakes the independent editorial decision.

The publisher protects the intellectual property rights of all the articles published in GORM and holds the responsibility to keep a record of each unpublished article.


Unethical Behavior

Should you encounter any unethical act or content in GORM apart from the ethical responsibilities listed above, please notify the journal by e-mail at [email protected]



After acceptance, the manuscripts undergo the processes of plagiarism detection, preparation of bibliography, cross-reference and reference check, layout and galley, assigning a DOI number and being put into early release. The manuscripts in early release are published in the volume and issue determined by the editorial board.

GORM claims no fees for article review and no subscription fees for access to articles, the only source of income are advertisement and journal fees. The following pecuniary obligations of the accepted manuscripts lie with the author(s).

Research Misconduct

Scientific misconduct includes but is not necessarily limited to data fabrication; data falsification including deceptive manipulation of images; dublicate publication and plagiarism ( browse/publishing-and-editorial-issues/ scientific-misconduct-expressions-of-concern-and-retraction.html) ( When scientific misconduct is alleged, or concerns are otherwise raised about the conduct or integrity of work described in submitted or published papers, the editor should initiate appropriate procedures detailed by such committees such as the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and may choose to publish an expression of concern pending the outcomes of those procedures.

 In accordance with its publishing policies, GORM obliges each manuscript to be detected for plagiarism. Therefore, the manuscripts are scanned and compared for plagiarism either by Turnitin or iThenticate software, chosen by the editorial staff. Incurring fees are paid by the author(s). The matches found in each study after plagiarism detection is analyzed in detail and those matches with correct reference and cross-reference are sorted. In the next step, the mistakes in the remaining matches are determined and reported to the editorial board. IThenticate also checks for self-plagiarism or redundancy therefore authors should be cautious about citing the text from their previously published works. The board, then, makes a final decision in the light of the plagiarism detection report. The author(s) may be asked to correct the mistakes listed in the report or the study may be returned to the author(s)/rejected. (Suspected plagiarism in a submitted manuscript) ( files/plagiarism%20A.pdf)

If a case of plagiarism comes to light after a paper is published, the journal will conduct a preliminary investigation. If plagiarism is found, the journal will contact the author's institute and funding agencies. The paper containing the plagiarism will also be obviously marked on each page of the PDF. Depending on the extent of the plagiarism, the paper may also be formally retracted. (Suspected plagiarism in a published article) ( files/plagiarism%20A.pdf)

References and Citation Control

Scientific research builds upon previous studies. In new studies, references and attributions to the previous studies are provided within the framework of certain rules. Intentional or unintentional mistakes in scientific studies harm the reliability of the study and publication. GORM, in accordance with its publication ethics, considers it to be an obligation for the accepted manuscripts to have correct and complete references and attributions. Therefore, each study, after acceptance, is checked in terms of bibliography, referencing and attribution by a company chosen by the editorial board. Incurring costs lie with the author(s).

The full texts of the accepted manuscripts are processed for bibliography, referencing and attribution check in the following steps:

Bibliography is prepared according to the format of the “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals” (“Vancouver” style, as outlined in the ICMJE sample references).

The in-text references of the references given in the bibliography should be in line with rules and regulations, and mistakes are corrected.

Attributions of the in-text references are checked. The author(s) is asked to provide the missing ones, and the incorrect ones are corrected.

For the manuscripts the English rules and regulations of referencing are used.

Layout and Galley

GORM requires that the articles be printed in a common type of and complete page layout for formal integrity, readability and standards. Therefore, the manuscripts whose plagiarism detection and bibliography preparation is finished are sent to a company chosen by the editorial board for layout and galley. Incurring costs for page layout and preparation of the copy for print lie with the author(s).


The Editors reserve the right to edit a manuscript for grammar, house style, scientific and statistical clarity, and overall length, while maintaining the scientific accuracy of the report. Authors may be asked to incorporate editorial amendments of spelling, grammar, house style and to check minor inconsistencies in the text or reference list, together with scientific and/or statistical corrections, before returning a revised manuscript for final approval by the Editor. Failure to make scientific, statistical or editorial amendments could result in delayed acceptance and publication.

Once the manuscript has been typeset; one set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author. Therefore a working email address must be provided for the corresponding author. Acrobat Reader version 9 or higher will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following website: Latest version of the software will let the corresponding author to open, read on screen and edit the proof electronically. The corresponding author may prefer to print the pdf and add the corrections offline and scan the corrected proof and attach to the reply mail.

Further instructions will be sent with the proof. To avoid publication delays proofs should be checked immediately and returned by email indicated on the proofs within 48 hours. Corrections by other means will not be accepted. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to the journal in one communication: checking carefully before replying is very important, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely the responsibility of the corresponding author. The publisher may proceed with the publication of the article if no response is received within 48 hours.

Authors are advised that they are responsible for proofreading of the text, references, tables and figures for absolute accuracy. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. New material cannot be accepted at this stage and substantial rewriting of paragraphs is not permitted. Should authors insist in doing so, then the costs will be charged to the author and the journal will not be responsible for typesetting errors arising from these changes.

Offprints and Reprints

The PDF file of the article can be downloaded from the website as soon as early view is available. This is an open access journal that all content is freely available without any charge. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication.

Assigning a DOI Number

Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a unique access number that enables the identification and accessibility of each article published electronically. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The DOIs are guaranteed never to change. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly 'Articles in press' because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information.

It is mandatory that each article published in GORM or in early release is assigned a DOI number. After acceptance, the manuscripts which are checked for plagiarism and bibliography and ready for publication are given a DOI number by the Editorial Board.

Articles in Press

GORM values the dissemination of up-to-date and original information. Those manuscripts that are accepted after the review process, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated and therefore whose process for publication is over does not need to wait for the next scheduled print issue and are published electronically as "Articles in Press". On average it takes a few days from being sent to production (usually straight after acceptance) to a paper appearing online. The manuscripts in the articles in press may not be the final version to be seen in the normal issue. Minor editing may be done on the final version to be published. They are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked. After publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. Later, these manuscripts are given page numbers and published in the volume and issue found suitable by the editorial board.

ORCID Identifier

Authors may now enter their ORCID identifier during registration. Please go to the “Update My Information” page to enter an existing identifier or to register with ORCID (

On submission, the author(s) must identify potential conflicts of interest of a financial or other nature. Authors should fill the author agreement form accurately and provide as much information as possible, regardless of the amount. Identify all sources of financial support of the study, including provision of supplies or services or financial compensation (e.g., salary) from a commercial organization on the title page. All sponsor names must be provided. Include an explanation of any role the sponsor(s) had in the study design; collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; writing of the report; the decision to submit the report for publication; or a statement that the sponsor(s) had no such involvement. Disclose any financial involvement that could represent potential conflicts of interest by checking the appropriate box on the author agreement form and listing the potential conflicts in an attachment to the author agreement form.