Hirsutism, Acne, and Hair Loss: Management of Hyperandrogenic Cutaneous Manifestations of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Authors

  • Cenk Yasa İstanbul University İstanbul School of Medicine
  • Özlem Dural İstanbul University İstanbul School of Medicine
  • Ercan Bastu İstanbul University İstanbul School of Medicine
  • Funda Güngör Uğurlucan İstanbul University İstanbul School of Medicine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21613/GORM.2016.613

Keywords:

Acne, Hirsutism, Allopecia, Hyperandrogenism, Cutaneous manifestation, Polycystic ovary syndrome

Abstract

PPolycystic ovary syndrome is the most common endocrine abnormality that affects reproductive-aged women. Diagnostic criteria of polycystic ovary syndrome have been established by different societies in recent years, and hyperandrogenism remains as one of the main criteria for diagnosis. Cutaneous manifestations of hyperandrogenism include hirsutism, acne and androgenic alopecia and are commonly observed in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. The major determinants of cutaneous manifestations are increased production of androgen and increased tissue availability. Cutaneous manifestations of hyperandrogenism are cosmetic problems, which produce significant emotional distress and psychological morbidity. Treatment includes a combination of combined oral contraceptives, antiandrogens, insulin sensitizers, gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists, topical medications, and cosmetic procedures. The diagnosis, management, and treatment approaches are described in detail in this review.

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Author Biographies

Cenk Yasa, İstanbul University İstanbul School of Medicine

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Özlem Dural, İstanbul University İstanbul School of Medicine

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Ercan Bastu, İstanbul University İstanbul School of Medicine

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Funda Güngör Uğurlucan, İstanbul University İstanbul School of Medicine

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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Published

2017-08-22

How to Cite

1.
Yasa C, Dural Özlem, Bastu E, Uğurlucan FG. Hirsutism, Acne, and Hair Loss: Management of Hyperandrogenic Cutaneous Manifestations of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Gynecol Obstet Reprod Med [Internet]. 2017Aug.22 [cited 2021Oct.22];23(2):110-9. Available from: https://gorm.com.tr/index.php/GORM/article/view/613

Issue

Section

Review