Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Iron Deficiency Anemia

Authors

  • Neslihan Yerebasmaz Perinatology Department of Etlik Zübeyde Hanım Women’s Health Research and Educational Hospital, Ankara
  • Şeyma Asiltürk Perinatology Department of Etlik Zübeyde Hanım Women’s Health Research and Educational Hospital, Ankara
  • Erdem Fadıllıoğlu Perinatology Department of Etlik Zübeyde Hanım Women’s Health Research and Educational Hospital, Ankara
  • Özlem Şengül Atatürk Research and Educational Hospital, Obstetric and Gynecology Department, Ankara
  • Serdar Yalvaç Perinatology Department of Etlik Zübeyde Hanım Women’s Health Research and Educational Hospital, Ankara
  • Ömer Kandemir Perinatology Department of Etlik Zübeyde Hanım Women’s Health Research and Educational Hospital, Ankara

Keywords:

Gestational diabetes mellitus, Iron deficiency anemia, Mean corpuscular volume

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether gestational diabetes mellitus is influenced by the presence of iron deficiency anemia in early pregnancy.

STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included 131 gestational diabetes mellitus and 300 non-gestational diabetes mellitus pregnants that were screened and diagnosed between the 24-28 week of gestation. Gestational diabetes mellitus was diagnosed by two-step testing regimen. Anemia in pregnancy was defined as hemoglobin below 11 g/dL in the first trimester.

RESULTS: We found out that the mean hemoglobin value and mean corpuscular volume were significantly higher in the gestational diabetes mellitus group (12.2±1.26 vs. 11.72±1.17; p<0.001 and 89.29±7.55 vs. 84.64±6.93; p<0.001). After the analysis of covariance for maternal age, body mass index, parity, birth weight there were significant differences in hemoglobin values and mean corpuscular volume values between two groups (respectively p=0.002, p<0.001). In the gestational diabetes mellitus group >4000 g newborns were significantly higher (19.8% vs.6.7%) (p<0.001).

CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that gestational diabetes mellitus was associated with high levels of hemoglobin that was measured in first trimester.

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Published

2015-12-30

How to Cite

1.
Yerebasmaz N, Asiltürk Şeyma, Fadıllıoğlu E, Şengül Özlem, Yalvaç S, Kandemir Ömer. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Iron Deficiency Anemia. Gynecol Obstet Reprod Med [Internet]. 2015Dec.30 [cited 2022May28];21(3):140-3. Available from: https://gorm.com.tr/index.php/GORM/article/view/5

Issue

Section

Obstetrics; Maternal Fetal Medicine and Perinatology

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